• Search

Harbour Explorer

Ontario Niagara Escarpment

The escarpment is a massive ridge of sedimentary rock that began more than 450 million years ago as the outer rim of an inland sea. In Ontario, the ridge extends from the Niagara region north to Tobermory (725km). At its highest point, the escarpment reaches 510m. Much of the escarpment is working countryside and a mosaic of natural lands which include marshes, cliffs, forests, rolling hills and waterfalls.
With such a variety of ecosystems, the Niagara escarpment supports many species including 53 mammals, 300 birds, 36 reptiles and amphibians and 90 fish species. This particular location, where Cootes Paradise Marsh meets the escarpment, is home to the highest number of plant species in Canada!
For those looking to explore Ontario, it offers some of the best skiing, swimming, boating, fish and camping in the province. The Niagara Escarpment is a UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve, one of 598 in 117 countries. Land use control is managed through the Niagara Escarpment Plan. For more information click here.